Trans Awareness and Language

Trans Awareness and Language

This week marks Transgender Awareness Week; a time for people to come together and celebrate our trans community. This week is also an opportunity for people to raise awareness of issues and work to become better allies. The LGBTQ+ Network have put together a series of articles on topics including ‘Trans Awareness’ and ‘Allyship’, so keep your eyes peeled for these over the coming days.

This post comes from the LGBTQ+ Network. Throughout we will use the term ‘trans’ to encompass all trans identities under the umbrella, including non-binary and genderqueer, which is usually marked with an asterisk.

Whether you’re a new ally to the trans* community, or have trans* friends and family, there is always space to learn more about how to be a better ally to the trans* people in your life. There are many ways to become a better ally, and one of them is to learn the language and understand the terms used within the LGBTQ+ community so you can have good, confident conversations. If you feel that we have made any mistakes here and would like to suggest an amendment, feel free to contact the LGBTQ+ Network at


Assigned sex/ biological sex

Assigned sex or biological sex is an assumption made at birth based on biological factors, including your hormones, chromosomes, and genitals. Below, we discuss terms that are currently used for different gender identities:

  • Cisgender: Those who identify as the sex they were assigned at birth can be described as cisgender. For example, a baby who is categorised as a girl at birth based on biological factors and continues to see herself as a girl throughout her life.
  • Trans: Trans is an umbrella term used to describe someone whose gender identity is different than the sex assigned at birth. Some people put an asterisk on the end of trans to expand the word to include all people with nonconforming gender identities and expressions, such as Non-Binary people.
  • Non Binary: When a person’s gender identity doesn’t fit inside traditional male or female categories (sometimes called the gender binary).
  • Gender identity: This refers to the individual’s understanding of themselves in relation to gender categories like man, woman, trans, genderqueer, etc. Everybody has a gender identity, but you can’t tell what everyone gender identity is by looking at them. Gender identity is your inward, personal relationship with your gender.


Gender expression

While your gender identity is inward facing, your gender expression is about how you project your gender to the world. This might include appearance and behaviours that convey something about your gender identity, or that others interpret as conveying something about your gender identity. You cannot assume someone’s gender just by looking at them, and lots of people choose to express themselves in their own unique ways.



Pronouns are the words that we use to refer to somebody when we are talking about them. Gendered pronouns include he/his and /she/her. Trans people may use gendered pronouns as a tool to express their gender identity (for example, a trans woman may use she/her pronouns to match her gender), while a non-binary person may use they/them pronouns to express that their gender identity sits outside of the gender binary. Some people may also use a mix of they/she, so it’s important to check as everyone is different and use their own choice of pronouns.



Transphobia is a negative attitude, feeling, or actions towards transgender people or transness in general. Transphobia can include fear, aversion, hatred, violence, anger, or discomfort felt or expressed towards people who do not conform to social gender expectations.


Language is a powerful tool and it’s really important to use the correct terms for people, and not outdated language which is considered offensive. We hope that you have found this article helpful and that it has given you a deeper understanding of these terms to be a more confident ally.

For more information on anything mentioned in this article, please feel free to email the LGBTQ+ Network on or pop down to one of the meetings which typically take place on the first Thursday of the month, in person at Head Office or via Zoom.

If you would like to discuss this topic further, please get in touch with Hazel Beddows, Head of the LGBTQ+ Network, via their email: .